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What Are Cannabinoids?

Cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds found in the Cannabis sativa plant. Of over 480 different compounds present in the plant, only around 66 are termed cannabinoids. The most well known among these compounds is the delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC), which is the main psychoactive ingredient in cannabis. Cannabidiol (CBD) is another important component, which makes up about 40% of the plant resin extract. Cannabinoids are chemicals found in cannabis.

The most notable cannabinoid is the phytocannabinoid tetrahydrocannabinol, the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis. Cannabidiol is another major constituent of the plant. There are at least 113 different cannabinoids isolated from cannabis, exhibiting varied effects.

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Endocannabinoid System

Cannabinoids interact with the Endocannabinoid System (ECS), a system composed of chemical messengers (endocannabinoids) and binding sites (receptors) located throughout the human body which regulates diverse functions including pain, sleep and appetite. THC is psychoactive and intoxicating.

 It’s the cannabinoid that causes the “high” feeling that many consumers experience after inhaling or ingesting cannabis. CBD, on the other hand, is non-intoxicating. This helps explain the rising popularity of CBD in the medical realm, as many patients who wish to use cannabis for medicinal purposes do not want to feel “high.”

On their own, THC and CBD have demonstrated a broad range of potential therapeutic applications2. In some cases, however, they work best together. Keep reading to find out why.

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Cannabidiol (CBD)

Cannabidiol is a phytocannabinoid discovered in 1940. It is one of 113 identified cannabinoids in cannabis plants and accounts for up to 40% of the plant's extract. CBD stands for cannabidiol. It is the second most prevalent of the active ingredients of cannabis (marijuana).

While CBD is an essential component of medical marijuana, it is derived directly from the hemp plant, which is a cousin of the marijuana plant. While CBD is a component of marijuana (one of hundreds), by itself it does not cause a “high.”

CBD stands for cannabidiol. It is the second most prevalent of the active ingredients of cannabis (marijuana). While CBD is an essential component of medical marijuana, it is derived directly from the hemp plant, which is a cousin of the marijuana plant.

While CBD is a component of marijuana (one of hundreds), by itself it does not cause a “high.” Cannabidiol is a chemical in the Cannabis sativa plant, also known as marijuana or hemp. Over 80 chemicals, known as cannabinoids, have been identified in the Cannabis sativa plant.

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CBG or Cannabigerols 

Cannabigerol is one of more than 120 identified cannabinoid compounds found in the plant genus Cannabis. Cannabigerol is the non-acidic form of cannabigerolic acid, the parent molecule from which other cannabinoids are synthesized. Cannabigerol is a minor constituent of cannabis.

Formula: C21H30O2 Solubility in water: insoluble Other names: CBD, cannabidiolum, (−)-cannabidiol Melting point: 66 °C (151 °F) cannabigerol (CBG), a lesser known cannabinoid with emerging research on its medical benefits for specific systems. One of those cannabinoids is Cannabigerol, or CBG. First discovered by researchers in the 1960's, CBG is the precursor from which all other.

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CBC or Cannabichromenes

CBC, or cannabichromene, was once an incredibly abundant cannabinoid, especially in Indian and tropical cannabis. Modern breeding practices have focused on CBD and THC, so CBC concentrations have fallen, but CBC has always been one of the Big Six cannabinoids. Like THC and CBD, CBCa is formed from CBGa. Cannabichromene, also called cannabichrome, cannanbichromene, pentylcannabichromene or cannabinochromene, is one of the hundreds of cannabinoids found in the Cannabis plant, and is therefore a phytocannabinoid.

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CBN or Cannabinol

Cannabinol (CBN) is a non-psychoactive component naturally found in trace amounts of the cannabis plant. It is produced in two ways it is mildly psychoactive cannabinoid found only in trace amounts in Cannabis, and is mostly found in aged Cannabis. Pharmacologically relevant quantities are formed as a metabolite of tetrahydrocannabinol.

Conclusion

Conclusion

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